FIG Commission 2

Work Plan 2015-18

Original work plan in .pdf-format

Terms of Reference

Mission statement

Promote good practices in professional surveying education by:


FIG Commission 2 is the domain of professional surveying education. The traditional core areas for the commission are:
  1. curriculum and core surveying body of knowledge,
  2. teaching and learning methodology,
  3. marketing and management of professional education and
  4. accreditation and quality assurance.

During the last term Frank (2008, 2012) and Greenfeld (2010, 2012) centred on the understanding of the surveying core body of knowledge.  Recent developments and discourse justify the broadening of the scope of FIG Commission 2 from surveying education to educating the land professional (Enemark & Williamson, 2004; Enemark, 2008, 2009, 2010; Magel et al. 2009; Mitchel & Enemark, 2008). Innovative learning and teaching has always received major attention in FIG and FIG Commission 2. This is reflected in the work of Enemark (2004, 2007, 2009; Enemark & Gallant, 2012) promoting innovative teaching and learning approaches in surveying education, in particular project- and problem-based learning.  E-learning, open learning and knowledge management achieved major attention by Markus (2005, 2008, and 2010). The work on e-learning resulted in the most recent publication by FIG Commission 2:  FIG Publication No. 46. Enhancing Surveying Education through e-Learning. Markus (2010) mentioned the following two challenges for FIG Commission 2 that are still highly relevant to consider: ubiquitous learning and open education. For the new term these will be embraced and further explored.

There has been a noticeable trend in recent years, particularly in English speaking countries, of a declining population of surveyors and the need to attract promising young surveyors into surveying (Frank, 2010). Various approaches and recruiting tools have been developed and shared during recent FIG Commission 2 events.

Developing educational and skills qualifications of surveying professionals and technicians is one of the other main concerns for FIG Commission 2. For some countries this is of more concern than others. In the United States ABET is used to allow standard recognition of educational surveying qualifications (Frank, 2007, 2009, 2010). In the United Kingdom, RICS has developed educational criteria that allow universities to assess the suitability of their curricula to the professional needs (Plimmer, 2003; Frank, 2010). With the rapidly changing surveying profession it is a continuous challenge to maintain a system of standardization. The former chair of FIG Commission 2 has worked intensively on defining educational surveying qualifications and in relation to the core surveying body of knowledge and learning and teaching methodologies (Frank, 2012).

For its new term, 2015 -2018, FIG Commission 2 will continue to build on the work carried out by the former commission chairs. FIG Commission 2 has developed for the term 2015 – 2018 the following focus areas. These will be discussed and worked out in concrete actions during the first Commission 2 meeting in 2015:

Becoming an active Commission  

 Professional education world-wide

The chain of professional surveying education

 Towards educating the land professional

One (or more) of the vision statements will be selected for an FIG Commission 2 publication.

In addition to the specific activities above, Commission 2 will support and contribute to FIG Task Forces, Permanent Institutions  and Networks, in particular to the Young Surveyors Network, the OICRF and the FIG Foundation.

Working groups

The work of FIG Commission 2 is organized in four working groups. Each of the working groups represents an area of focus in professional surveying education. During the four-year term of office workshops at least one Commission 2 workshop will be organized. Ideally, each planned event will focus on one or more themes from a working group.

Working group 2.1 – Towards educating the land professional



Dr.-Ing. Fahria Masum, Germany


Reshma Shresta, Nepal

Gordon Waymuba, Kenya

Specific projects

The recent discussion in FIG Commission 1 on the definition of a surveyor (see the discussion on LinkedIn, FIG Commission 1) will guide the FIG Commission 2 and in particular Working Group 2.1 for its new term. The concept of the land professional, the land administration and/or land management professional and related curricula and core body of knowledge will a particular challenge for Working Group 2.1 during this term of office.

The working group will further be involved in developing initiatives to support professional education at other levels than the academic education, such as the level of polytechnics and vocational training institutions.  



Time table


Working Group 2.2 – Innovative learning and teaching  


Dr. Audrey Martin (Ireland)

Specific projects

The new chair of this working group will continue to work on e-learning as an important aspect of innovative learning in surveying education.  There is a tentatively plan for a workshop in Dublin for May/June 2016.  The FIG Commission 2 Workshop could be linked to the annual DIT eLearning Summer School. 

Strengthening knowledge management and organizational learning in FIG and its members will be a theme for this working group. The use of OICRF, Surveying Reference Library and Surveying Education database, as a knowledge and learning platform for FIG will be explored and further developed. This will be done together with the responsible members and the FIG Secretariat. The new FIG website is an important factor in this initiative. 

 FIG Commission 2 intends to support the FIG Council in designing dynamic technical sessions, use of innovative ways of reporting, organising challenging workshops and promote the online involvement and participation. This should be achieved by working together with Young Surveyors Network and the FIG Secretariat.


Time table


Higher education institutions, surveying professionals, Young Surveyors and potential surveyors, FIG Office and Secretariat and FIG Members; FIG Corporate Members; public in general (open access).

Working Group 2.3 –Demand for and supply of Professional Education  



Dr. Nadezda Kamynina, Russia

Special projects

In the European Union programs are going on to stimulate, raise awareness and increase student enrolment in surveying education. There are programs addressing the relation between surveying education and the labour market. It is foreseen that in the new term working group 2.3 will pay attention to these European developments and experiences from programs such as: GeoSkills Plus (Leonardo program), the Tempus GE-UZ and the LLL GI-N2K among other initiatives.

The Young Surveyors within FIG have a strong interest and can contribute much to this working group. Some Young Surveyors will join this group for the new term.


Workshop to share European experiences in the GeoSkills Plus (Leonardo program), the Tempus GE-UZ, the LLL GI-N2K program and other European initiatives related to the demand and supply of surveying professionals and education. Workshop proposed for 2017; could be combined with the workshop in Dublin by Working Group 2.2.


 Time table


Individuals, potential surveyors, higher education institutions, vocational schools, society, labor market, public and  private sector; FIG’s corporate members; young surveyors and potential surveyors.    

Working Group 2.4 - Accreditation and Quality Assurance



Prof. Alias Abdul Rahman

Special projects

The globalization of surveying education poses questions concerning the rigor of survey programs and the appropriate depth and breadth of topics within the various programs (Frank, 2010). The mutual recognition of surveying education degrees in the world will continue to be a main issue for FIG Commission 2 and in particular Working Group 2.4. Cross-border professional education and internationalization (accreditation, standards) are two other related themes.


To be decided  

Time table


Higher education institutions, surveying professionals, licensed and chartered surveyors, employers and governments; national associations.  


Academic Forum

The Academic Forum is the platform for FIG Academic Members. Traditionally Commission 2 has a leading role in the Academic Forum. During the FIG Congress 2014 in Kuala Lumpur the Forum discussed and prepared an initial statement on Academic responsibilities and the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure (VGGT).

For its new term, FIG Commission 2 intends to strengthen its role in facilitating and leading the Academic Forum. The Commission is approached by FAO to work on ‘pooled’ relationship with a consortium of land tenure related universities from the FIG Academic partnership program.

This with the intention to further roll-out curricula, didactical tools and e-courses on the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure (VGGT).

Relation to other Commissions and Task Forces

 By its nature FIG Commission 2, Professional Education, has a relation to all the other technical commissions as is illustrated in figure 1. However, with some commissions it has a stronger relation than with others.  

          Figure 1.       The position and function of FIG Commission 2 in relation to the other Commissions.

Commission 2 works closely together with Commission 1 and in particular with Working Group 1.1 - Changing Nature of Work and the Role of a Surveyor.

Commission 2 has a close connection to Commission 7 Cadastre and Land Management. The changing nature of the surveyor or land professional is best illustrated by the trends and developments in cadaster and land management.

FIG Commission 2 has a role in supporting the Young Surveyors Network, some of FIG Task Forces like Africa Task Force and the OICRF (The International Office for Cadastre and Land Records) (OICRF).

Traditionally the chair of FIG Commission 2 is a member of the FIG Foundation.

Continuous Commission activities

Commission Officers

Commission Chair
Ir. Liza Groenendijk (E.M.C)
Lecturer Land Administration, School for Land Administration Studies
Faculty for Geo-information Sciences and Earth Observation
University of Twente, Enschede
The Netherlands
Tel: 0031 534894528
Mobile: 0031 6 29435035  

Vice-chair and Chair Working Group 2.1
Dr.-Ing. Fahria Masum
Coordinator Admission and Research
Chair of Land Management
Technische Universitaet Muenchen (TUM)
Tel.: 0049/(0)89/28925790

Co-chair Working Group 2.1
Reshma Shresta
Kathmandu University/PhD at School for Land Administration Studies
Faculty for Geo-information Sciences and Earth Observation
University of Twente, Enschede
The Netherlands

Co-chair Working Group 2.1
Dr. Gordon Wayumba
Department of Geospatial Science and Engineering,
Technical University of Kenya
P.O. Box 52428 - 00200
Tel. +254 722775168

Chair Working Group 2.2
Dr. Audrey Martin FSCSI FRICS
Chair of the MSc in Geospatial Engineering, Spatial Information Sciences Group
College of Engineering & Built Environment
Dublin Institute of Technology,
Tel: +353 1 402 3736

Chair Working Group 2.3
Dr. Nadezda Kamynina
Head International Academic Programs Departments
Moscow State University of Geodesy and Cartography (Miigaik)

Chair Working Group 2.4
Prof. Alias Abdul Rahman
Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)
Jabatan Geoinformatik
Fakulti Geoinformasi dan harta tanah
Kuala Lumpur


Enemark, S. (2002). International Trends in Surveying Education. Paper presented at the FIG XXII International Congress, TS2.2. Virtual Academy and Curricula Contents, Washington, D.C. USA, April 19-26.

Enemark, S. (2003). Capacity Building for Developing Sustainable Land Administration Infrastructures. Paper presented at the WPLA/FIG Workshop Athens, 28-31 May 2003. Spatial Information Management for Sustainable Real Estate Markets and Best Practice Guidelines on Nation-wide Land Administration, Athens, Greece

Enemark, S. (2004). Building competences of the Future. Designing and Implementing a New Curriculum in Surveying at Aalborg University, Denmark. Paper presented at the 3rd FIG Regional Conference. October 3-7 2004, Jakarta, Indonesia

Enemark, S. (2006). The Land Management Perspective - Building the Capacity. Paper presented at the Lustrum Conference Spatial Information for Civil Society. Land Administration - The Path towards Tenure Security, Poverty Alleviation and Sustainable Development, 14 - 16 December 2005, ITC, Enschede, The Netherlands.

Enemark, S. (2008). Underpinning Land Management - A major challenge for the global surveying profession. [Article]. Geodetski List, 62(2), 83-97. Enemark, S. (2009). Surveying education: facing the challenges of the future. Osterreichische Zeitschrift fur Vermessung und Geoinformation 97(1), 8 - 14.

Enemark, S. (2010). From Cadastre to Land Governance: The role of land professionals and FIG. Paper presented at the Annual World Bank conference on land policy and administration, Washington d.c., 26-27 April 2010.

Enemark, S. (2014). The climate change challenge for land professionals Paper presented at the XXV FIG International Congress : Engaging the Challenges, Enhancing the Relevance Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 16 – 21 June 2014.

Enemark, S., & Cavero, P. (2003). The Surveyor of the XXIst Century. Paper presented at the 2nd FIG Regional Conference Marrakech, Morocco, December 2-5, 2003.

Enemark, S., & Galland, D. (2012). Applying a Land management Profile in Surveying Education. Paper presented at the 8th FIG Regional Conference 2012 Surveying towards Sustainable Development Montevideo, Uruguay, 26 – 29 November 2012.

Enemark, S., & Greenway, I. (2006). Promoting Institutional and Organisational Development in Surveying and Land Administration. Paper presented at the Shaping the Change - XXIII FIG Congress, Munich, Germany, October 8-13, 2006.

Enemark, S., & Williamson, I. (2004). Capacity building in land administration - A conceptual approach. [Proceedings Paper]. Survey Review, 37(294), 639-650.

Enemark, S., & Williamson, I. (2004). Capacity building in land administration - a conceptual approach. Survey Review, 37(294), 639 - 650.

Frank, S. (2007). Design of a Surveying Curriculum to Meet Professional Licensing Needs in New Mexico and Surrounding Areas. Paper presented at the Strategic Integration of Surveying Services, FIG Working Week 2007 Hong Kong SAR, China, 13-17 May.

Frank, S. (2008). CORE Knowledge in Surveying: Initial Investigations. Paper presented at the Integrating Generations, FIG Working Week 2008 Stockholm, Sweden 14-19 June 2008.

Frank, S. M. (2012). Accrediting US Surveying Programs. Paper presented at the 8th FIG Regional Conference, Surveying towards Sustainable Development Montevideo, Uruguay, 26 – 29 November 2012. Greenfeld, J. (2010). Surveying Body of Knowledge. Paper presented at the FIG Congress 2010, Facing the Challenges – Building the Capacity, Sydney, Australia, 11-16 April 2010.

Greenfeld, J. (2012). Components of the Surveying Body of Knowledge. Paper presented at the FIG Working Week 2012 - Knowing to manage the territory, protect the environment, evaluate the cultural heritage. Rome, Italy, 6-10 May 2012.

Greenway, I., Parker, J., Hai, T. C., Wonnacott, R., Borrero, S., Boydell, S., & Enemark, S. (2010). Building Institutional and Organisational Capacity. Paper presented at the FIG Congress 2010 Facing the Challenges – Building the Capacity, Sydney, Australia, 11-16 April 2010.

Magel, H., Espinoza, J., Klaus, M., & Masum, F. (2009). Capacity Building in Land Management: The Need for Establishing a Global Academic Partnership. Paper presented at the 7th FIG Regional  Conference Spatial Data Serving People: Land Governance and the Environment – Building the Capacity 19-22 October 2009, Hanoi, Vietnam.

Markus, B. (2004). Future Education – FIG Commission 2 Perspectives. Paper presented at the 3rd FIG Regional Conference Jakarta, Indonesia, October 3-7, 2004.

Markus, B. (2005). Learning Pyramids. Paper presented at the From Pharaohs to Geoinformatics FIG Working Week 2005 and GSDI-8 Cairo, Egypt April 16-21, 2005.

Markus, B. (2008). Thinking about e-Learning. Paper presented at the FIG International Workshop. Sharing Good Practices: E-learning in Surveying, Geo-information Sciences and Land Administration, 11-13 June 2008, ITC, Enschede, The Netherlands

Markus, B. (2010). Facing the Challenges - Professional Education. Paper presented at the FIG Commission 2 workshop, London, United Kingdom, 26-28 August 2010.

Mitchell, D., & Enemark, S. (2008). Land Administration and Management in South East Asia – Considering the Role of Higher Education. Paper presented at the Integrating Generations FIG Working Week 2008, Stockholm, Sweden 14-19 June 2008.

Plimmer, F. (2004). Mutual Recognition of Professional Qualifications: The European Union System. Paper presented at the 3rd FIG Regional Conference Jakarta, Indonesia, October 3-7, 2004.

Plimmer, F. (2007). Mutual Recognition of Professional Qualifications. Paper presented at the Strategic Integration of Surveying Services - FIG Working Week 2007, Hong Kong SAR, China, 13-17 May 2007.

van der Molen, P. (2007). ITC and UNU: developments in geomatics education. Journal GIM international : the global magazine for geomatics, 21(8), 4-5.

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